Dystonia is the third most common movement disorder, after essential tremor and Parkinson’s disease. Primarily a hereditary condition, dystonia can cause severe involuntary muscle contractions that may interfere with your everyday life. Over 500,000 Europeans suffer from dystonia of which 80,000 have primary dystonia. A Medtronic therapy, Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) may be able to help some patients.
Dystonia is a neurological movement disorder characterised by involuntary muscle contractions. These contractions force certain parts of the body into repetitive, twisting movements or painful postures. Dystonia is the third most common movement disorder after essential tremor and Parkinson’s disease.1
Approximately 500,000 adults and children in Europe suffer from the movement disorder known as dystonia.1 These individuals often suffer from abnormal involuntary muscle contractions that may interfere often with everyday functions like walking, sleeping, eating, work and education, and talking.
There are two types of dystonia:
Additionally, there are various classifications of dystonia characterised by the affected part of the body:
Although the causes of dystonia are unclear, primary dystonia is mainly hereditary. Generalised dystonia is considered the most difficult form of dystonia to live with and to treat effectively.
What is Dystonia? Available at: www.neurosurgerytoday.org. Accessed April 15, 2008.
Information on this site should not be used as a substitute for talking with your doctor. Always talk with your doctor about diagnosis and treatment information.